RN TEL OPER: H.G. BANHAM
FST CLASS BOY H.L. FITZJOHN
FST CLASS BOY E.J. LINSELL
STOKER S. PURKISS
RM PTE. W.D. ALSOPP
PTE. R.J. BRADLEY
HRS YRY Lc CPL H.J.F. RANDALL
PTE F. ALEY
PTE E. DEARDS
EEX YRY 2ND LT A.G. SWIRE
PTE C.W. BEENEY
PTE J.G. WINTER
RFA 2ND LT W.H. BANHAM, M.C.
GR J. WINCH
RGA GR C. BEALE
GR R.J. COWLIN
GR A.C. NEGUS
RE MAJOR J.G. KIRKALDY
DVR A.E. LINCOLN
IG LT. COL J.N. MARSHALL
M.C. AND BAR
CHEVALIER DE L'ORDRE LEOPOLD
CROIX DE GUERRE (BELGIUM)
PTE A.W. PERRY
GR SGT A.G. CORDELL
DCLI Lc CPL H.E. BIRD
RSR PTE A. PERRY
PTE J.F. SEYMOUR
WR PTE F. FRANCIS
ER SGT S.W. COWLIN
SGT B.D. WHEELER
CPL J. REED
Lc CPL F.R. WAKELING
PTE W. ANDREWS
PTE E.F. BINES
PTE V.A. BURTON
PTE J. BAYFORD
PTE H. CLEMENTS
PTE F. COOK
PTE E.E. CORDELL
PTE H. CORDELL
PTE T. DEARDS
ER PTE A.J. MONK
PTE W.C. PAGE
PTE V.G. PARISH
PTE J. REED
PTE R. REED
PTE W. SAMUEL
PTE H.G. SEARLE
PTE H. SMITH
PTE J. WAKELING - GR
PTE E. WAKELING
PTE J.H. WAKELING
PTE J. WOOD
SF 2ND LT H.S. SEABROOK
PTE A.W. BINES
NR PTE J. COOK
MR PTE P. SAMUEL
KRR LT R.E.S. POOLE
Lc CPL C.G. SELMES
DLI PTE L.J. WEALD
RB 2ND LT G.C. HOARE
6TH CLR PTE H.C. LINSELL
18TH CLR PTE W.C. CAKEBREAD
MGC ACT LCPL J.J. SMITH
RASC Lc CPL A.C. HOY
PTE S.S. WARD
RAMC PTE C.H. SKINGLE
Key to Services/Regiments
RN - Royal Navy
RFA - Royal Field Artillery
HRS YMY - Hertfordshire Yeomanry
EEX YMY - Essex Yeomanry
IG - Irish Guards
BR - Bedfordshire Regiment
RM - Royal Marines
ER - Essex Regiment
RGA - Royal Garrison Artillery
RF - Royal Fusiliers
RSR - Royal Sussex Regiment
LR - Lincolnshire Regiment
KRRC - King’s Royal Rifle Corps
RE - Royal Engineers
RFC - Royal Flying Corps
GR - Gloucestershire Regiment
SF - Sherwood Foresters
NR - Northamptonshire Regiment
MR - Middlesex Regiment
WR - Welsh Regiment
RB - The Rifle Brigade
MGC - Machine Gun Corps
DCLI - Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry
DLI - Durham Light Infantry
CLR RFN - City of London Regiment - Rifleman
RWSR - Royal West Surrey Regiment - Attached to RFC
RASC - Royal Army Service Corps
RAMC - Royal Army Medical Corps
YLR - York and Lancaster Regiment
WORLD WAR I
TO THE GLORY OF GOD
AND IN MEMORY OF HARLOW MEN WHO NOBLY RESPONDED TO THE CALL OF DUTY AND GAVE THEIR LIVES IN THE GREAT WAR
1914 - 1918
Inscription from the Memorial Plaque in
St Mary’s Church, Churchgate Street
Lieutenant Colonel James Neville Marshall V.C.. M.C. & BAR
Lieutenant Colonel James Neville Marshall (12th June 1887 – 4th November 1918), was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy.
Lieutenant Colonel Marshall was killed in action just 7 days before the end of the war.
He was 31 years old and an acting Lieutenant Colonel in the Irish Guards, British Army, attached to the Lancashire Fusiliers, commanding 16th Battalion during the First World War at the Battle of the Sambre when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the V.C.
On 4 November 1918 at the Sambre-Oise Canal, near Catillon, France, when a partly constructed bridge came under concentrated fire and was broken before the advanced troops of his battalion could cross. Lt Col Marshall at once went forward and organised parties to repair the bridge.
DEATH IS SWALLOWED UP IN VICTORY
For additional details of other Harlow men who gave their lives, click on the names below...
Royal Navy - First Class Boy
Royal Navy - Telegraphist
119th Royal Field Artillery - 2nd Lieutenant
Rifle Brigade - 2nd Lieutenant
Memorial to the Men of Harlow who gave their lives during the "Great War" 1914-1918
St Mary's Church, Churchgate Street, Harlow, Essex. CM17 0JT
NEW Nov 2017 - For the past 2 year's, patrons of St Mary's have been researching the life stories of all those commemorated on their War Memorials.
CLICH HERE to view their research.
Harlow Men who gave their lives 1914 - 1918
CLICK ON EACH NAME ABOVE TO SEE FURTHER DETAILS INCLUDING DATE/PLACE OF DEATH, FULL NAMES, PLACE OF BURIAL, PARENTS AND SPOUSES ETC AS LISTED ON EVERYONEREMEMBERED.ORG IN CONJUNCTION WITH
THE ROYAL BRITISH LEGION AND THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION (CWGC)
ALL OF THE NAMES AND REGIMENTS ABOVE ARE AS THEY ARE SHOWN ON THE MEMORIAL AT ST MARY'S CHURCH IN
PLEASE NOTE THAT RECORDS FROM THE PERIOD MAY NOT BE ENTIRELY ACCURATE AND THEREFORE MAY NOT MATCH 100%
FOR EXAMPLE; NAME SPELLINGS MAY DIFFER SLIGHTLY AND SOME REGIMENTS WERE ATTACHED TO OTHERS
IF YOU FIND ANY INCORRECT INFORMATION OR HAVE ANY ENQUIRIES PLEASE MESSAGE US VIA OUR CONTACT US PAGE
Lt. Col James Neville Marshall
V.C. M.C. & Bar
16th Bn Lancashire Fusiliers
Killed in Action
4th November 1918, aged 31
Gravestone at Ors Communal Cemetery (France) with the following inscription:
SLENDID IS DEATH
WHEN THOU FALLEST COURAGOUS
LEADING THE ONSLAUGHT
Hall of Memory
Lt Col. Marshall's Medals as displayed at the Guards Museum, London
All of Lt Col. Marshall's medals are held at, and are on permanent display at the Guards Museum, St James' Park. London.
In 1970 his medals and WWI Memorial Plaque were kindly donated to the Regiment by his older sister, Dorothy Stevens.
The citation for the Bar awarded in addition to his already awarded Military Cross, and published in the Edinburgh Gazette dated 11th December 1918, reads:
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty during an advance. He was ordered to take a company and two platoons and fill a gap and capture a position in the hands of the enemy. He succeeded splendidly, and, advancing further than the unit on his left, he formed a defensive flank and beat off a hostile attack. Though wounded early in the attack, his courage and fine leadership were chiefly responsible for the success of the operation.
(His original M.C. was Gazetted on 1st January 1917 without citation. Therefore, the action for which it was awarded
Born on 12th June 1887 in Stretford, Manchester to James Henry Marshall (Ireland) and Mary, nee Walmsley (Lancashire).
He was actually called Neville by his family, presumably to prevent confusion seeing as his father's name was James.
The family (including 5 siblings) moved to Oxford Road, Acocks Green, Yardley, Birmingham in 1894 where he initially attended Wellesbourne House School.
He won a scholarship to King Edward VI Grammar School, Camp Hill, Birmingham where he remained until March 1902 when he left, probably for family financial reasons. He became a clerk at the Birmingham and Midland Institute and later worked in the Medical Faculty of the University of Birmingham in a clerical capacity.
Whilst in Birmingham he studied veterinary practice.
Neville Marshall moved to Harlow, Essex around 1910 and whilst working as a veterinarian, mainly with horses, met and married Infant school teacher Edith Mary (Maud) Taylor on 20th September 1911.
At the time of his death, Neville and Edith resided at Lascelles Lodge, Matching Green, Harlow.
On 30th April 1919, in the Ballroom at Buckingham Palace, his widow was presented with his Victoria Cross by
His Majesty the King George V
Lt Col. James Neville Marshall is commemorated in both the St.Mary’s Church, Churchgate Street and Old Harlow Baptists' Church, Fore Street on their memorials to the fallen of Harlow.
In 1998, Arthur S. Graham researched, wrote and published a well detailed book entitled: James Neville Marshall V.C., M.C. & BAR.
A copy of the book was eventually traced and located in Harlow Town Library and is available to view via the link below:-
CLICK HERE to access the book James Neville Marshall V.C. M.C. & BAR by Arthur S. Graham in Adobe .pdf format.
CLICK HERE for the corrections page published in 1999
If you are unable to view the book you may need to download Adobe Acrobat Reader - CLICK HERE to download for free.
A new book on Lt Col. Marshall is planned which will incorporate information from numerous books, booklets and
internet websites that have been published in relation to V.C. recipients during WWI.
For additional information on Lt Col. James Neville Marshall CLICK HERE
In 2014, as part of the centenary of World War One, Harlow Council produced a booklet on
all the fallen men of Harlow that includes additional detailed information on each of the men listed above plus
many others from surrounding districts.
CLICK HERE to access the booklet (Updated June 2018)
If you are unable to view the book you may need to download Adobe Acrobat Reader - CLICK HERE to download for free.
The first party were soon killed or wounded, but by personal example he inspired his command and volunteers were instantly forthcoming. Under intense fire and with complete disregard of his own safety he stood on the bank encouraging his men and helping in the work.
When the bridge was repaired and whilst attempting to rush across at the head of his Battalion, Lieutenant Colonel Marshall was killed just a few yards from the opposite bank of the canal.
The passage of the canal was of vital importance, and the gallantry displayed by all ranks was largely due to the inspiring example set by Lieutenant Colonel Marshall.
At Ors Communal Cemetery in Catillon, he shares a last resting place with Lt James Kirk V.C. and the renowned war poet Wilfred Owen, who both died in the same engagement and of whom Wilfred Owen previously described this Old Edwardian as “bold, robust, dashing, unscrupulous, cruel, jovial, immoral, vast-chested, handsome-headed and of free coarse speech”.
Having already exercised his physical courage in civilian life, undertaking stunts such as high diving in fancy dress costumes to entertain the crowds, Marshall soon sought active service.
After being turned down for the British Army Veterinary Corp due to being unqualified, he travelled to Belgium and joined the 1st Division Belgium Army attached to the 1st Regiment Field Artillery.
Having received several wounds during active duty, he was discharged as being medically unfit and was consquently awarded his two Belgian medals, the Croix de Guerre (War Cross) and Chevalier de L'ordre de Leopold.
In December 1915 he volunteered for the Irish Guards (Special Reserve) and became an inspiring military leader.
Men under his command volunteered for the most dangerous missions.
In total, he suffered wounds on ten occasions which are as follows:
1st – Belgium Sept 1914 before Antwerp – possible thigh wound – saved 4 men from a line regiment under heavy machine gun and rifle fire. Awarded Chevalier de L’Ordre de Leopold
2nd - Belgium Oct 1914 First Battle of Ypres – possible thigh wound
3rd – Belgium Jan 1915 - Yser-Canal nr Ypres– possible chest injury – sent home to England and eventually discharged
4th – June 1916 - Unknown wound - Chelmsford Chronical
5th – 15th July 1916 – Serious stomach injury, returned to England for 7 months rest – Essex Newman 12.08.16
6th – 15th June 1917 – Unknown wound. Reported in The Sportsman
7th – Dec 1917 - Stabbing wound to face from enemy bayonet – Evening News 10.12.17
8th – Feb 2018 – Unknown wound - Daily Mirror 27.02.18
9th – May 2018 – Shrapnel wound – Gloucester News 17.05.18
10th – Aug 2018 – Leg wound – Evening Despatch 30.08.18
He was awarded the following medals:–
Victoria Cross - The highest military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy"
British Military Cross and Bar - The Military Cross is granted in recognition of "an act or acts of exemplary gallantry during active operations against the enemy".
Croix de Guerre (Belgium) - Awarded for "extreme bravery in the face of the enemy"
Chevalier of the Order of Leopold (Belgium) - Named in the honour of King Leopold I and is awarded for extreme bravery in combat.
British War Medal 1914-1918 - The silver or bronze medal was awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces
Victory Medal - Each of the allies were issued with their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon.